Cambridge English

CEFR , CAMBRIDGE & IELTS

 Cambridge English For Global Recognition

Learn English language with a view to a Cambridge Certificate of FCE [First Certificate in English] first and then proceed to CAE [Cambridge Advanced English] and CPE [Cambridge Proficiency in English] as required or branch off to IELTS or Business English or English Teaching Knowledge courses/tests TKT, CELTA & DELTA.

A word to the students by bunpeiris
Students who are determined to secure a university degree in English medium, perhaps shouldn’t get overly interested in Cambridge FCE or any other Cambridge Certification since a university degree in English medium is itself a manifestation of the competence in English language too.
Then again, those who secure admittance into a university, must ideally set their sights on post graduate degrees and perhaps even a doctorate in his field. In another couple of years time, a single university degree alone, perhaps, wouldn’t secure a decent employment.
Multidisciplinary competence coupled with ICT or extreme specialization in a single discipline coupled with ICT would be called in at every turn.

The students, who fails to secure admittance into a university, would find Cambridge certification in competence in English, a valuable asset. But then you will have to study very hard and very methodologically to secure a higher grade. Cambridge English examinations are high-strung straightjackets and you are called upon to fit right into the one you have chosen. Here could be a case of chosen one failing to become the loved one. The ultimate straightjacket in Cambridge Examinations is IELTS.

Secure a university degree in English medium so that you wouldn’t have to suffer the strain of studying for straight jacket IELTS specially since in the speaking tests, you would in the hands of a single Cambridge examiner. And he is another human. Humans can be frail and fickle depending upon the situations. 

English language is no longer a property of the United Kingdom of now not so Great Britain: its a mode of communication the world over. The competence and creativity in English language of the global populace could hardly be summarily evaluated by a bunch of English language experts residing in England devising straightjackets. English language is now perpetuated the world over as a result of then British colonialism and still existent byproducts of Germany’s successive losses to allied forces in both of the world wars. bunpeiris

Cambridge FCE

Cambridge FCE is internationally recognized by both educational institutions and business establishments. As such FCE  [IELTS 4-7 depending on CEFR level] is a valuable asset to the student when applying for a study course in a Higher Education Institute as well as for an employment in a business establishment dealing with overseas clients. Students who successfully complete the Cambridge  FCE exam will have a very good grasp of the four macro skills, i.e. Reading, Writing, Speaking & Listening together with solid knowledge of grammar, vocabulary and Use of English.

Cambridge_English_Scale_statement_of_results

Global Recognition

Who accepts Cambridge English exams?

Cambridge English exams are accepted by over 20,000 universities, employers and governments around the world. Cambridge exams can open doors to higher education, improve employment opportunities, and because they are globally recognized, can increase learners’ choices for study or work.

Cambridge YLE

Using Cambridge English exams for employment and admissions
Securing Cambridge English Certificates makes it easier
[a] for you to showcase your language skills at the entrance to an institution or organization
[b] to raise your profile among all the rest of the candidates having inferior certifications.
[c] to enjoy an edge over others in literary competence.

Recognition of Cambridge English Studycourses

Cambridge English: Starters (YLE Starters)
Cambridge English: Movers (YLE Movers)
Cambridge English: Flyers (YLE Flyers)
Cambridge English: Key (KET)
Cambridge English: Key (KET) for Schools
Cambridge English: Preliminary (PET)
Cambridge English: Preliminary (PET) for Schools
Cambridge English: First (FCE)
Cambridge English: First (FCE) for Schools
Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE)
Cambridge English: Proficiency (CPE)
 Cambridge YLE KET PET FCE CAE CPE

 

Cambridge Primary

Ages 5 to 11
  • Cambridge Primary
  • Cambridge Primary Checkpoint
  • Cambridge ICT Starters

Cambridge Secondary 1

Ages 11 to 14
  • Cambridge Secondary 1
  • Cambridge Secondary 1 Checkpoint
  • Cambridge ICT Starters

Cambridge Secondary 2

Ages 14 to 16
  • Cambridge IGCSE
  • Cambridge O Level

Cambridge Advanced

Ages 16 to 19
  • Cambridge International AS and A Level
  • Cambridge Pre-U

Cambridge English: Business Preliminary (BEC Preliminary)
Cambridge English: Business Vantage (BEC Vantage)
Cambridge English: Business Higher (BEC Higher)
Cambridge English: Legal (ILEC)
Cambridge English: Financial (ICFE)
BULATS (Business Language Testing Service)
IELTS (International English Language Testing System)
Teaching Knowledge Test (TKT)
Cambridge English: ESOL Skills for Life

CEFR

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) plays a central role in language and education policy worldwide. It has growing relevance for language testers and examination boards, helping to define language proficiency levels and interpret language qualifications.

The CEFR describes language ability on a scale of levels from A1 for beginners up to C2 for those who have mastered a language. This makes it easy for anyone involved in language teaching and testing (learners, teachers, teacher trainers, etc.) to see the level of different qualifications. It also means that employers and educational institutions can easily compare qualifications and see how they relate to exams they already know in their own country.

Cambridge English and the CEFR

Cambridge English Language Assessment has been involved in the development of this standard. Brian North, one of the authors of the Framework, has said that:

“We’re really at the beginning of the process of validating the claims which are made by the examination boards about the relationship of their exams to the Framework. There is a difference between having a very good idea of what the relationship is and confirming it. Cambridge ESOL is an exception, because there is a relationship between the levels in the CEF [Common European Framework] and the levels of the Cambridge ESOL exams.” (Interview with Brian North in ELT News, Feb 06.)

Developing the CEFR for the English language

English Profile

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) has become an international benchmark for language ability. Cambridge English Language Assessment is now closely involved with English Profile – an exciting new project which will further develop the CEFR for the English language.

Proficient User C2
Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.
Can summarize information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.

Proficient User C1
Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.
Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

Independent User B2
Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation.
Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.
Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

Independent User B1
Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken.
Can produce simple connected text on topics, which are familiar, or of personal interest.
Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

Basic User A2
Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).
Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.
Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

Basic User A1
Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.
Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has.
Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

English Profile is a long-term, collaborative programme of research, consultation and publication, designed to enhance the learning, teaching and assessment of English worldwide.

All of Cambridge exams are aligned with the levels described by the CEFR.Cambridge English 2015 CEFRcale

The CEFR: transparent, coherent and comprehensive

The result of over twenty years of research, the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, teaching, assessment (CEFR) is exactly what its title says it is: a framework of reference. It was designed to provide a transparent, coherent and comprehensive basis for the elaboration of language syllabuses and curriculum guidelines, the design of teaching and learning materials, and the assessment of foreign language proficiency. It is used in Europe but also in other continents and is now available in 39 languages.

Six levels of foreign language proficiency

The CEFR describes foreign language proficiency at six levels: A1 and A2, B1 and B2, C1 and C2. It also defines three ‘plus’ levels (A2+, B1+, B2+). Based on empirical research and widespread consultation, this scheme makes it possible to compare tests and examinations across languages and national boundaries. It also provides a basis for recognising language qualifications and thus facilitating educational and occupational mobility.

The CEFR’s illustrative scales of “can do” descriptors are available in  a bank of descriptors together with many other related descriptors.

The CEFR is much more than proficiency scales

The CEFR’s scales of foreign language proficiency are accompanied by a detailed analysis of communicative contexts, themes, tasks and purposes as well as scaled descriptions of the competences on which we draw when we communicate. This helps to explain why the CEFR is increasingly used in teacher education, the reform of foreign language curricula and the development of teaching materials (in this connection see the result of a survey carried out in 2006 among Council of Europe member states).

Using the CEFR in specific contexts

The CEFR does not offer ready-made solutions but must always be adapted to the requirements of particular contexts, for example, the teaching and learning of Romani and of French Sign Language. The need for careful interpretation and adaptation is especially acute when the CEFR’s descriptive apparatus and proficiency levels are used to explore the communicative needs of adult migrants and to guide the assessment of their proficiency in the language of their host community.

IELTS

CEFR , CAMBRIDGE & IELTS

What is IELTS?
IELTS stands for the International English Language Testing System exam. There are two versions: academic and general. The exam assesses candidates’ language competence on a scale from 0 – 9. Four main skills are assessed and graded: listening, reading, writing, and speaking. A global score is also given, which is the average of the four main components’ scores. For example, 6,7,7,7 will give a global score of 7.

Why is it important?
Higher education institutions, professional bodies and some immigration services use IELTS as an assessment of English language competence. So it’s a ‘high-stakes’ exam. Each institution sets its own requirements for the global score, and some specify minimum scores for specific components, e.g., at least a 6 or 7 in speaking or writing.

And how long does it take?
There isn’t really an answer to this question. Some students spend a week, some spend a year to achieve the level they require. Students need to check what score band is required by the institution or the professional body that they are intending to attend or become a member of, and then think of the time they need to reach to achieve that level. It goes without saying that they need to be realistic about how quickly they can progress.

 

 

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